This outbreak appears to be over, but the recalled flour products have long shelf lives and may still be in people’s homes.
People should check their homes for recalled flour and throw it away. Do not use any of the recalled flour.
- A total of 21 people infected with the outbreak strain of E. coli O26 were reported from nine states.
Illnesses started on dates ranging from December 11, 2018, to May 21, 2019.
Three hospitalizations and no deaths were reported.
Several products were recalled because they may be contaminated with E. coli. Those products include 5-lb. bags of Baker’s Corner All Purpose Flour sold at ALDI, some 5-lb. bags of King Arthur Unbleached All-Purpose Flour, some 5-lb. bags of Pillsbury Best Bread Flour, and several brands of cookie and brownie mix produced by Brand Castle.
The International Dairy Foods Association (IDFA) and dairy industry are celebrating July as National Ice Cream Month with a month of activity including the release of new ice cream data and trends.
In 2017, about 1.4 billion gallons of ice cream and related frozen desserts were produced in the United States. Ice cream is an $11 billion industry that supports 26,000 direct jobs and generates $1.6 billion in direct wages, according to IDFA’s Dairy Delivers. The majority of U.S. ice cream and frozen dessert manufacturers have been in business for more than 50 years, and many are still family-owned businesses.
In 1984, President Ronald Reagan designated July as National Ice Cream Month and the third Sunday of the month as National Ice Cream Day. In the proclamation, President Reagan called for all people of the United States to observe these events with "appropriate ceremonies and activities." IDFA and Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue will celebrate National Ice Cream Day from 1:00 to 3:00 p.m. on Monday, July 22, 2019, with an ice cream social at the USDA’s Farmers Market in Washington, D.C. The event is free and open to the public.
IDFA partners with Research America to study U.S. ice cream data and trends on an ongoing basis. New data released to recognize National Ice Cream Month includes
- Most ice cream is made March through July. July is the busiest production month for ice cream makers.
- Nearly 66% of Americans rank vanilla as their favorite ice cream flavor.
- Candy or chocolate pieces are the most popular confection, followed by cookies, brownies, and cake.
- 40% of ice cream makers are seeing an increased demand for premium ice cream versus 17% seeing an increase in gelato demand followed by 15% for sorbet. Demand for low-fat or non-fat ice cream ranked the lowest at just 4%.
- Almost 50% of survey respondents have been making ice cream for more than 50 years.
For more information on ice cream, visit IDFA.
By Joseph Paul, Purdue
The label on organic, fair-trade coffee and clothing doesn’t always tell the full story. In some cases, companies are working behind the scenes to provide more than just higher earnings by helping marginalized farmers secure land and protect it from logging, mining and large-scale agriculture operations. This is true with organic coffee and cotton production in three villages in India, home to more organic producers than any other country, said Andrew Flachs, an assistant professor of anthropology at Purdue University.
“Organic farming helps to make a new kind of rural wealth available to Adavasi, or scheduled tribe farmers in these villages,” Flachs said. “These are not people who could own land before, and now they’re part of this first generation since independence and new laws to really have these rights to land, this resource that can keep producing wealth and status. It’s a big deal to pass that forward year after year, and organic farming is one way to really protect and preserve that.”
During the summer of 2018, Flachs and Sreenu Panuganti, a graduate student at the University of Hyderabad, led surveys, interviews and focus groups, attended planning meetings and visited farms in two South Indian villages in the Adilabad district in northern Telangana, as well as one village near Araku in Andhra Pradesh. They asked how farmers and their families imagined their products and the place of agricultural work for their children. The findings are published online in the journal Economic Anthropology.
The researchers found that farmers decided to produce organic commodities like coffee and cotton not only to add value, but to safeguard their land from corporate interests and extraction operations, which are favored by banks and the local government, Flachs said. Many organic producers in India, for example, have a social justice wing that provides assistance to farmers seeking loans and organic certification. The study focused primarily on Adivasi farmers, members of scheduled tribes that have been targets of discrimination since the days of British colonization.
“These people have been historically kicked off land but now are seeing a bright future in agriculture, which is a good thing if we’re talking about sustainable farming,” he said. “You have to have young farmers adopting this way of life. Since the 1950s, development all around the world has meant getting off the farm and going to the cities, but now we’re starting to question that all around the world.”
Farming is an important way of life in India, an occupation comprising 60 percent of the country’s workforce, Flachs said. The researchers found that farmers’ dreams of passing down their land to their children played an important role in their decision to go organic. As a result, there are booming opportunities for rural white-collar jobs surrounding the burgeoning industry.
“You’ve got this class of rural professionals that could be making a lot more money doing the same kind of exploitation that everybody else is doing, but now they see themselves as part of this industry,” he said.
Research support was provided through the American Institute for Indian Studies and the Purdue University College of Liberal Arts.
The work aligns with Purdue's Giant Leaps celebration, acknowledging the university’s global advancements made in sustainability as part of Purdue’s 150th anniversary. This is one of the four themes of the yearlong celebration’s Ideas Festival, designed to showcase Purdue as an intellectual center solving real-world issues.
The Michigan State University (MSU) Food Security Group (FSG), based in the MSU Department of Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics, has received an $11 million grant from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) to implement a new Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy Research, Capacity, and Influence. With additional funding from USAID offices in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, the total value of this five-year award could reach $38 million.
The new lab builds on previous work done by FSG, but takes a big step forward in working with local agricultural policy research organizations to strengthen their ability to carry out rigorous research on food security policy, and incorporate this research into policymaking, said David Tschirley, professor, International Development in AFRE, co-director of FSG, and director of the new Innovation Lab. To do this, MSU has partnered with the Regional Network of Agricultural Policy Research Institutes (ReNAPRI), an African organization operating primarily in East and Southern Africa, and with the Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research (ISSER) in Ghana.
“The lab’s activities are designed to put these local partners in charge of their own capacity development in a team-based approach that draws on strengths from all consortium partners,” Tschirley said.
Working with ReNAPRI, ISSER and its U.S. partners, the International Food Policy Research Institute and Cornell University, the Innovation Lab will target research centers in Africa and Asia to develop their own capacity development plans and provide funding to pursue those plans. Researchers from MSU, IFPRI, and Cornell also will work directly with researchers from these centers, mentoring them in research and writing techniques, to help build this capacity. These centers will then engage directly with their countries’ policy makers, to bring insights from the research into better policymaking that improves rural and urban food security.
“This new award reflects USAID’s increasing commitment to building sustainable local capacity for food security policy analysis and policy engagement. The fact that MSU will lead this project is a testimony to MSU and FSG’s own commitment to these goals, to the unique capacity we bring to this kind of work, and to the very high performance of our previous work in this area. This funding will provide us a continued foundation for extending MSU’s world grant vision – the land-grant vision applied worldwide,” Tschirley said.
"USAID is proud to partner with Michigan State University to leverage its cutting-edge research in food security and commitment to strengthening the policy research capacity of Asian and African research organizations," said Robert Bertram, Chief Scientist in USAID's Bureau for Food Security. "MSU's leadership of this new Feed the Future Innovation Lab will help partner country governments create better policies and effective approaches to policymaking that stimulate increased investment in food security and nutrition and help countries move from vulnerability to self-reliance."
The Food Security Group was established in 1983, building on two decades of prior work that addressed agriculture and rural development. Since its inception, FSG has won more than $112 million in grants for its work, two-thirds of it from USAID, the world’s premier international development agency. For more information, visit https://www.canr.msu.edu/fsg/.
MSU and IFPRI maintain an extensive network of country programs across the developing world, where they bring their research and capacity building to bear. Together, they operate 13 country offices and have had recent engagement of at least five successive years in 19 countries across Africa and Asia. Cornell University is also a worldwide leader in applied research on developing country agriculture with a long and distinguished record of capacity building.
Feed the Future is the U.S. Government’s global hunger and food security initiative. It focuses on transforming lives and on the root causes of poverty, hunger, and malnutrition. To achieve this, Feed the Future works hand-in-hand with partner countries to develop their agriculture sectors and break the vicious cycle of poverty and hunger. It helps people feed themselves and creates important opportunities for a new generation of young people, while building a more stable world.
Featuring an impressive array of speakers, including such well–known names as Jeff Weier of Sprague Pest Solutions; Hank Hirsch of RK Environmental Services; Al St. Cyr of ASC Consulting; and Pat Hottel of McCloud Services, the Commercial Pest Control Virtual Conference is an online event you do not want to miss!
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